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For the US Marine Corps test, see Combat Fitness Test.
Member of the Maryland Army National Guard demonstrating the leg-tuck event of the ACFT

The United States Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) is the forthcoming fitness test for the United States Army. It was designed to better reflect the stresses of a combat environment, to address the poor physical fitness of recruits, and to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injuries for service members. It consists of six events and is graded on a scale with a maximum score of 600. The test is scheduled to take full effect as the US Army’s fitness test of record as of October 2020.



The ACFT was developed to more closely measure “combat-readiness”, after it was found that more battlefield evacuations were performed during the Iraq War and the War in Afghanistan due to musculoskeletal injuries, than were due to the ongoing fighting.[1] Such injures may also be a significant contributing factor in the attrition rate for current service members.[2]

It was also designed to address the “declining health and fitness standards of incoming recruits”.[3][a] Studies leading up to the release of the new standard indicated an “increase of overweight recruits who can’t pass entry-level physical fitness tests” as well as an increase in injuries resulting from the poor physical condition of new soldiers.[5]

The ACFT began development in 2013, and was based on a set of 113 essential “warrior tasks and drills” laid out in army doctrine, as well as feedback from those who had completed tours in Iraq and Afghanistan.[6][7] The test is currently undergoing testing and refinement, and scheduled to replace the United States Army Physical Fitness Test as of October 2020.[8] In 2019 the new test was fielded with 63 Reserve and National Guard units.[9] It is the first change in the US Army physical fitness test is four decades.[1]


Play media US Army instructional video for the ACFT

The ACFT is intended to more closely mimic physical tasks and stresses associated with combat.[10] It is designed to measure “power, speed, agility … balance [and] muscular and aerobic endurance”.[6]

The test consists of six events completed over the course of 50 minutes:

  • Three-rep deadlift of between 140 pounds (64 kg) and 340 pounds (150 kg)
  • A 10 pounds (4.5 kg) backward and overhead medicine ball throw
  • Hand-release push-ups over a period of two minutes
  • 25 metres (82 ft) shuttle run referred to as the “sprint-drag-carry”
  • Hanging leg tucks over a period of two minutes
  • 2 miles (3.2 km) run[1][2]
  • It is graded in a scale with a maximum score of 600 points. In August 2019, a member of the 22nd Chemical Battalion became the first soldier to record a perfect score, beating out the previous record of 597, set in June by a member of the Kentucky Army National Guard.[11][12]

    Unlike its predecessor, the ACFT does not adjust standards based on age or gender.[2] Instead, soldiers are assigned to one of three tiers based on their military occupational specialty.[2]

    See also[edit]


  • ^ According to one source, “almost half of commanders questioned [in a 2018 survey] said that newly arriving soldiers could not meet the physical demands of combat” and “12 percent of soldiers at any one time cannot deploy to combat areas because of injuries”.[4]
  • References[edit]

  • ^ a b c Mayers, Dave (March 11, 2019). “What it takes to pass the Army’s new Combat Fitness Test”. Vice Media. Retrieved 19 September cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(“//”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(“//”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  • ^ a b c d Associated Press (February 7, 2019). “Here’s a look at the U.S. Army’s new physical fitness test — it’s much more grueling”. MarketWatch. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ Moore, Emma (June 7, 2019). “Implementing new PT standards may hurt Army readiness. The service should learn from how US allies pulled it off”. Task & Purpose. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ “US Army Develops New ‘Combat Fitness Test'”. Voice of America. February 10, 2019. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ McDonald, Scott (December 4, 2018). “U.S. Army Aims for Tougher Fitness Standards Despite Amount of Overweight Recruits”. Newsweek. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ a b Summers Lowe, Miranda (March 28, 2019). “‘Swat the Kaiser’ and Stork Stands: The History of Army Physical Fitness”. The New York Times. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ Cox, Matthew (July 10, 2018). “Army Does Away With Age-Specific Scoring in New Combat Fitness Test”. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ Cox, Matthew (June 28, 2019). “Army to Adjust Standards for New Combat Fitness Test This Fall”. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ Rempfer, Kyle (August 8, 2019). “As ACFT rollout nears, leaders talk preparation, test difficulty and how to train ‘without exact equipment'”. Army Times. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ Augustine, Katie (March 7, 2019). “New Army Combat Fitness Test holds pilot program in Winterville”. WNCT-TV. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ Martin, Stephen (June 26, 2019). “Kentucky Guard Soldier posts highest ACFT score yet”. US Army. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  • ^ Vandiver, John (August 28, 2019). “Soldier is first to achieve perfect score on new Army fitness test”. Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
  • External links[edit]